Marijuana Justice Act 2017

115TH CONGRESS
1ST SESSION S. ll
To amend the Controlled Substances Act to provide for a new rule regarding
the application of the Act to marihuana, and for other purposes.
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
llllllllll
Mr. BOOKER introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred
to the Committee on llllllllll
A BILL
To amend the Controlled Substances Act to provide for a
new rule regarding the application of the Act to marihuana,
and for other purposes.
1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa2
tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
3 SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
4 This Act may be cited as the ‘‘Marijuana Justice Act
5 of 2017’’.
6 SEC. 2. DE-SCHEDULING MARIHUANA.
7 (a) MARIHUANA REMOVED FROM SCHEDULE OF
8 CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES.—Subsection (c) of schedule
9 I of section 202(c) of the Controlled Substances Act (21
10 U.S.C. 812) is amended—
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HEN17771 S.L.C.
1 (1) by striking ‘‘marihuana’’; and
2 (2) by striking ‘‘tetrahydrocannabinols’’.
3 (b) REMOVAL OF PROHIBITION ON IMPORT AND EX4
PORT.—Section 1010(b) of the Controlled Substances Im5
port and Export Act (21 U.S.C. 960) is amended—
6 (1) in paragraph (1)—
7 (A) in subparagraph (F), by inserting ‘‘or’’
8 after the semicolon;
9 (B) by striking subparagraph (G); and
10 (C) by redesignating subparagraph (H) as
11 subparagraph (G);
12 (2) in paragraph (2)—
13 (A) in subparagraph (F), by inserting ‘‘or’’
14 after the semicolon;
15 (B) by striking subparagraph (G); and
16 (C) by redesignating subparagraph (H) as
17 subparagraph (G);
18 (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘‘paragraphs
19 (1), (2), and (4)’’ and inserting ‘‘paragraphs (1) and
20 (2)’’;
21 (4) by striking paragraph (4); and
22 (5) by redesignating paragraphs (5), (6), and
23 (7) as paragraphs (4), (5), and (6), respectively.
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1 (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO CONTROLLED
2 SUBSTANCES ACT.—The Controlled Substances Act (21
3 U.S.C. 801 et seq.) is amended—
4 (1) in section 102(44) (21 U.S.C. 802(44)), by
5 striking ‘‘marihuana,’’;
6 (2) in section 401(b) (21 U.S.C. 841(b))—
7 (A) in paragraph (1)—
8 (i) in subparagraph (A)—
9 (I) in clause (vi), by inserting
10 ‘‘or’’ after the semicolon;
11 (II) by striking (vii); and
12 (III) by redesignating clause
13 (viii) as clause (vii);
14 (ii) in subparagraph (B)—
15 (I) by striking clause (vii); and
16 (II) by redesignating clause (viii)
17 as clause (vii);
18 (iii) in subparagraph (C), in the first
19 sentence, by striking ‘‘subparagraphs (A),
20 (B), and (D)’’ and inserting ‘‘subpara21
graphs (A) and (B)’’;
22 (iv) by striking subparagraph (D);
23 (v) by redesignating subparagraph (E)
24 as subparagraph (D); and
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1 (vi) in subparagraph (D)(i), as so re2
designated, by striking ‘‘subparagraphs (C)
3 and (D)’’ and inserting ‘‘subparagraph
4 (C)’’;
5 (B) by striking paragraph (4); and
6 (C) by redesignating paragraphs (5), (6),
7 and (7) as paragraphs (4), (5), and (6), respec8
tively;
9 (3) in section 402(c)(2)(B) (21 U.S.C.
10 842(c)(2)(B)), by striking ‘‘, marihuana,’’;
11 (4) in section 403(d)(1) (21 U.S.C. 843(d)(1)),
12 by striking ‘‘, marihuana,’’;
13 (5) in section 418(a) (21 U.S.C. 859(a)), by
14 striking the last sentence;
15 (6) in section 419(a) (21 U.S.C. 860(a)), by
16 striking the last sentence;
17 (7) in section 422(d) (21 U.S.C. 863(d))—
18 (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1),
19 by striking ‘‘marijuana,’’; and
20 (B) in paragraph (5), by striking ‘‘, such
21 as a marihuana cigarette,’’; and
22 (8) in section 516(d) (21 U.S.C. 886(d)), by
23 striking ‘‘section 401(b)(6)’’ each place the term ap24
pears and inserting ‘‘section 401(b)(5)’’.
25 (d) OTHER CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.—
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1 (1) NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM DRUG CONTROL
2 ACT OF 1986.—The National Forest System Drug
3 Control Act of 1986 (16 U.S.C. 559b et seq.)is
4 amended—
5 (A) in section 15002(a) (16 U.S.C.
6 559b(a)) by striking ‘‘marijuana and other’’;
7 (B) in section 15003(2) (16 U.S.C.
8 559c(2)) by striking ‘‘marijuana and other’’;
9 and
10 (C) in section 15004(2) (16 U.S.C.
11 559d(2)) by striking ‘‘marijuana and other’’.
12 (2) INTERCEPTION OF COMMUNICATIONS.—Sec13
tion 2516 of title 18, United States Code, is amend14
ed—
15 (A) in subsection (1)(e), by striking ‘‘mari16
huana,’’; and
17 (B) in subsection (2) by striking ‘‘mari18
huana,’’.
19 SEC. 3. INELIGIBILITY FOR CERTAIN FUNDS.
20 (a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section—
21 (1) the term ‘‘covered State’’ means a State
22 that has not enacted a statute legalizing marijuana
23 in the State;
24 (2) the term ‘‘disproportionate arrest rate’’
25 means—
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1 (A) the percentage of minority individuals
2 arrested for a marijuana related offense in a
3 State is higher than the percentage of the non4
minority individual population of the State, as
5 determined by the most recent census data; or
6 (B) the percentage of low-income individ7
uals arrested for a marijuana offense in a State
8 is higher than the percentage of the population
9 of the State that are not low-income individ10
uals, as determined by the most recent census
11 data;
12 (3) the term ‘‘disproportionate incarceration
13 rate’’ means the percentage of minority individuals
14 incarcerated for a marijuana related offense in a
15 State is higher than the percentage of the non-mi16
nority individual population of the State, as deter17
mined by the most recent census data;
18 (4) the term ‘‘low-income individual’’ means
19 and individual whose taxable income (as defined in
20 section 63 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) is
21 equal to or below the maximum dollar amount for
22 the 15 percent rate bracket applicable to the indi23
vidual under section 1 of the Internal Revenue Code
24 of 1986;
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1 (5) the term ‘‘marijuana’’ has the meaning
2 given the term ‘‘marihuana’’ in section 102 of the
3 Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802); and
4 (6) the term ‘‘minority individual’’ means an in5
dividual who is a member of a racial or ethnic mi6
nority group.
7 (b) INELIGIBILITY FOR CERTAIN FUNDS.—
8 (1) IN GENERAL.—For any fiscal year begin9
ning after the date of enactment of this Act in which
10 the Attorney General, acting through the Director of
11 the Bureau of Justice Assistance, determines that a
12 covered State has a disproportionate arrest rate or
13 a disproportionate incarceration rate for marijuana
14 offenses, the covered State—
15 (A) shall not be eligible to receive any Fed16
eral funds for the construction or staffing of a
17 prison or jail; and
18 (B) shall be subject to not more than a 10-
19 percent reduction of the funds that would oth20
erwise be allocated for that fiscal year to the
21 covered State under subpart 1 of part E of title
22 I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe
23 Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3750 et seq.),
24 whether characterized as the Edward Byrne
25 Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement
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1 Assistance Programs, the Local Government
2 Law Enforcement Block Grants Program, the
3 Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance
4 Grant Program, or otherwise.
5 (2) FUNDS FOR CERTAIN PROGRAMMING.—For
6 purposes of paragraph (1)(A), Federal funds for the
7 construction or staffing of a prison or jail shall not
8 include Federal funds used by a prison or jail to
9 carry out recidivism reduction programming or drug
10 addiction treatment.
11 (3) REALLOCATION.—Any amounts not award12
ed to a covered State because of a determination
13 under paragraph (1) shall be deposited in the Com14
munity Reinvestment Fund established under section
15 4.
16 (c) EXPUNGEMENT OF MARIJUANA OFFENSE CON17
VICTIONS.—Each Federal court shall issue an order
18 expunging each conviction for a marijuana use or posses19
sion offense entered by the court before the date of enact20
ment of this Act.
21 (d) SENTENCING REVIEW.—
22 (1) IN GENERAL.—For any individual who was
23 sentenced to a term of imprisonment for a Federal
24 criminal offense involving marijuana before the date
25 of enactment of this Act and is still serving such
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1 term of imprisonment, the court that imposed the
2 sentence, shall, on motion of the individual, the Di3
rector of the Bureau of Prisons, the attorney for the
4 Government, or the court, conduct a sentencing
5 hearing.
6 (2) POTENTIAL REDUCED RESENTENCING.—
7 After a sentencing hearing under paragraph (1), a
8 court may impose a sentence on the individual as if
9 this Act, and the amendments made by this Act,
10 were in effect at the time the offense was committed.
11 (e) RIGHT OF ACTION.—
12 (1) IN GENERAL.—An individual who is ag13
grieved by a disproportionate arrest rate or a dis14
proportionate incarceration rate of a State may
15 bring a civil action in an appropriate district court
16 of the United States
17 (2) RELIEF.—In a civil action brought under
18 this subsection in which the plaintiff prevails, the
19 court shall—
20 (A) grant all necessary equitable and legal
21 relief, including declaratory relief; and
22 (B) issue an order requiring the Attorney
23 General, acting through the Director of the Bu24
reau of Justice Assistance, to—
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1 (i) declare the State to be ineligible to
2 receive any Federal funds for the construc3
tion or staffing of a prison or jail in ac4
cordance with subsection (b)(1)(A); and
5 (ii) reduce grant funding of the State
6 in accordance with subsection (b)(1)(B).
7 SEC. 4. COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT FUND.
8 (a) ESTABLISHMENT.—There is established in the
9 Treasury of the United States a fund, to be known as the
10 ‘‘Community Reinvestment Fund’’ (referred to in this sec11
tion as the ‘‘Fund’’).
12 (b) DEPOSITS.—The Fund shall consist of—
13 (1) any amounts not awarded to a covered
14 State because of a determination under section
15 3(b)(1); and
16 (2) any amounts otherwise appropriated to the
17 Fund.
18 (c) USE OF FUND AMOUNTS.—Amounts in the Fund
19 shall be available to the Secretary of Housing and Urban
20 Development to establish a grant program to reinvest in
21 communities most affected by the war on drugs, which
22 shall include providing grants to impacted communities for
23 programs such as—
24 (1) job training;
25 (2) reentry services;
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1 (3) expenses related to the expungement of con2
victions;
3 (4) public libraries;
4 (5) community centers;
5 (6) programs and opportunities dedicated to
6 youth;
7 (7) the special purpose fund discussed below;
8 and
9 (8) health education programs.
10 (d) AVAILABILITY OF FUND AMOUNTS.—Amounts in
11 the Fund shall be available without fiscal year limitation.
12 (e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There
13 are authorized to be appropriated to the Fund
14 $500,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2040.

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